Tips for buying at Auction or Private Treaty
Mortgage Experts are mortgage brokers on Sydney's Northern Beaches.
We can assist with your loan needs and we can also pass on our considerable experience when it comes to dealing with auctions / pre auction offers and private treaty sales.
We have been involved in literally thousands of purchase transactions and we take a keen interest in the varying negotiating tactics of our clients. Over time we have picked up some tips that we think can be useful for those looking to buy which we have outlined below. If you would like to discuss your loan needs please feel free to contact us here.
Tips for Auction Sales:
The auction process can be stressful. It is important to understand that if your bid is successful at an auction, you are exchanging contracts on the day with no recourse if you change your mind. You can not pull out of the purchase.
Some key things to consider if you want to bid at auction are:
You must get a “real” pre approval before the auction. This means that your loan application has actually been properly assessed and approved, subject only to a property valuation. Incredibly, many lenders will not do this as they see doing pre approvals as a waste of resources as many do not proceed. At Mortgage Experts we can make sure you get a real pre approval so you are as safe as you can be with an auction.
Pre auction offer
If you just have to have it and don't want to go to auction you can usually make a pre auction offer. This may also suit the vendor as they are probably nervous about their property not selling at auction as well. So we advise that if you do want to make a pre auction offer (noting that it will be under auction conditions with no cooling off or subject to clauses) make a realistic offer but under your maximum bid and always put your offer in writing with your preferred settlement time frame. If the vendor comes back asking for an increased offer – and they will! – we recommend you up your offer slightly and advise them that that is your final pre auction offer. If you get no response from the agent or vendor do not contact them again. If they contact you just before the auction which you would expect, tell them you may or may not be bidding (and mean it). You may then be able to get a gauge where you truly stand by their reaction ie. how desperate are they for you to attend the auction?
A tactic that some buyers use is to offer the vendor / agent a time ultimatum on their offer, you would say to the agent that your offer is valid only for a certain time. This can be vital if you are interested in more than one property at the same time. It can smack a touch of desperation though so we would advise you leave the door open for further negotiations by saying something like I need an answer from the vendor by COB Friday because I want to bid on another property on Saturday.
In general we are against pre auction offers as they tend to show your hand and they give the agent an unfair advantage in knowing how they will navigate the sales process. For example if the agent gets multiple pre auction offers then they are likely to think that the auction will be a success and therefore may not accept your pre auction offer....unless you fall into the trap of offering more than they think they will get at auction! This is the other concern we have with pre auction offers as they tend to end up causing bidders to pay too much as in a hot market the agent will only accept a pre auction offer if it is particularly strong.
Setting your limit
You must set your limit before the auction and stick to it! A good idea is to pick a rough number as your limit. Say you are approved to buy up to say $660,000 but you don’t want to quite go that high you could make your limit say $647,000. You may be lucky and knock out a few other buyers with limits of $640,000 or $645,000 for example.
Don’t take the agent’s price guide seriously
Although intentional under-quoting of the expected sale price is illegal in some states and certainly unethical, it is still rife. It is extremely common for properties to go for around 10% - 20% more than the price guide offered. So real estate agents are either very bad at knowing the value of a property or they are trying to suck in as many potential buyers as possible before the auction to get them emotionally attached to the property. The moral of the story is you must get a gauge on what properties are worth yourself. Attend multiple auctions, research past sales, research the property itself to see what it last sold for and compare that to the median price increase in the area (allow for any renovations).
Negotiate any changes to the contract before auction
The contract for sale will outline the inclusions of the property as well as the settlement time frame. This can be negotiated but must be done before the auction. The vendor is not obliged to change their contract but may be willing to do so.
Tips for Private Treaty Sales:
The private treaty method of buying your first home is a bit less stressful than buying at auction – especially if you are buying your first home. Normally a private treaty sale will be handled by a real estate agent, but it can also be done directly by the owners. Buying via private treaty means you shouldn't have to exchange contracts unconditionally until you have a formal loan approval.
Keep your cards close to your chest
Do express an interest to the agent handling the sale, or the vendor if it’s a private sale, but try not to show too much emotion. If possible also let them know you are interested in other properties. Don’t disclose your finance position. Often agents will ask “have you got your finance sorted” or “do you have a 10% deposit available”. They are really just fishing for information and we advise to not disclose this information or to be vague in your answers. Don’t be rude to them, just divert the questions! Asking them what price the vendor wants usually works!
Do your homework
Find out how much other properties in the area have sold for recently (not what they are for sale for, this doesn't tell you much). Go to auctions and learn as much as you can about local property market trends. You can even collect your own clearance rate stats by checking how many of the properties listed for auction on a given weekend in your area have sold stickers on their billboards by early the following week. If more than 75% have sold this would be considered a buoyant market, if it’s less than 50% it would be considered a slow market.
Go in low but not too low
When you make an offer, pitch it below the price you’re actually prepared to pay. Very few properties sell for the price initially offered. Market conditions will obviously have a bearing on this, in a buyers market by all means put in low offers but in a normal or buoyant market you will be more than likely be wasting your time. Again knowing the true value of the property by doing your research is the key.
Don’t believe a word the Agent says!
However nice an agent may seem (and they may be) you must remember that it's their job to secure a sale and to get a good price for the vendor. Many agents are very good negotiators and are generally going to be at an advantage to a home buyer who is not as experienced in real estate and negotiations in general as they are. Often an agent will say there’s a higher offer on the table than the one you’ve just made or there is a lot of interest in the property. While this may be true don’t take it as gospel, just stick to your limit and negotiate up to that. You really can't rely on what they say! Don’t get duped into bidding against yourself or get pressured into exchanging contracts without your finance in place.
Put your offer in writing
Real estate agents are obliged to submit all offers to the seller, so we recommend that you submit your offer in writing. Remember your offer once accepted is not legally binding until you and the vendor sign the contract.
Negotiate changes to the contract upfront
If you want a special condition such as a long settlement, make this known upfront. It is no good agreeing on a price only to discover the vendor needs a quick settlement. Negotiating is not just the price but the settlement time frame and what is included in the sale.