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Genuine savings and non genuine savings

What does genuine savings mean?

Genuine savings is a term used by the lending industry when defining whether the funds to be used as a deposit by a proposed borrower (for a property purchase) have been genuinely saved over time.

Non genuine savings could be defined as any funds available to assist a proposed borrower with a purchase of a property that are not deemed to be genuine savings. Makes sense really but the tricky part is many lenders and the mortgage insurers disagree on what is and what isn't genuine savings!

Why do I need genuine savings?

To have your loan approved the majority of lenders require that you prove you have genuine savings if you are borrowing more than 80% of the value of a property or 85% or more in some cases. You will generally need to prove you have at least 5% of the proposed purchase price saved.

Every lender has different rules regarding savings requirements so please call us to discuss your situation in detail. We are experts in working out how to apply each lenders policy to maximise your options and provide you with the best loan possible from our panel of lenders.

Issues around genuine savings are one the most common reasons high loan to value ratio (LVR) loans end up being declined.

What is and isn’t considered genuine savings?

Genuine savings must generally meet the following criteria although like everything in lending there are some grey areas with some things open to interpretation. The general rule however is if the lender is in doubt it would normally not be considered genuine savings. Keeping a paper trail is very important!

Genuine savings must be:

  • held in the name of at least one of the borrowers.
  • liquid in nature ie they must be held in a bank savings account or similar or be investments that can be sold and converted to cash quickly such as publicly traded shares.
  • clearly proved via documentation such as bank statements. The history of the genuine savings must be able to be verified by providing 3 or 6 months history depending on lender.
  • not from the following sources within the last 3 or 6 months, a gift from family or friends, a windfall gain, an inheritance, or the proceeds of the sale of a non investment asset such as a car. Funds from the first home owners grant are excluded by all but one lender.

What if I don’t have genuine savings?

We have lots options available for borrowers who do not have genuine savings!  The higher the loan to value ratio (maximum 95%) the more likely it is you will have to pay a higher interest rate and the stronger your application must be in other areas such as income and employment history. Generally there are more options available at the lower loan to value ratios. For example almost all lender do not require genuine savings if you are borrowing 80% or less of a property’s value while there are lots of non genuine savings options 85%, a few at 90% and a couple at 95%.

This is a very fluid area of lending policy and is subject to change regularly. Good news for 90% no genuine savings borrowers of late (May 2012) it has now become a lot easier to get these loans approved.

Examples

Example 1: This is genuine savings

Property purchase price $500,000. Genuine savings required is therefore $25,000 (5% of $500,000).

  • The proposed borrowers have around $50,500 sitting in an internet savings account now.
  • 6 months ago the balance was $25,000.
  • During the last 6 months they have not added to the balance themselves apart from the regular monthly interest they earn.
  • They have just had a gift deposited to their account of $25,000 from family to help with the proposed purchase.
  • They have not withdrawn any money from the account during this time.

This would be considered genuine savings with most lenders as they have held the required $25,000 (5%) for the last 6 months. Even though they haven’t added to it over this time from their own savings they have not spent it either. The gift does not affect their eligibility under the genuine savings policy; it would have to be disclosed as a gift though as the lender would require an explanation as to the source of the $25,000 deposit.

Example 2: This is not genuine savings

Property purchase price $500,000. Genuine savings required is therefore $25,000 (5% of $500,000).

  • The proposed borrowers have around $48,000 sitting in an internet savings account now.
  • 6 months ago the balance was $40,000.
  • During the last 6 months they have added to the balance regularly with amounts of $500 / fortnight.
  • During the last 6 months they made one withdrawal of $23,000 which they used to buy a car.
  • They have just had a gift deposited to their account of $25,000 from family to help with the proposed purchase.

This would not be considered sufficient genuine savings with most lenders as although they have shown a good regular savings pattern they have not shown the full 5% genuine savings required. They started with $40,000 then withdrew $23,000 leaving them with $17,000 in savings. They were adding $500 / fortnight to this amount over the 6 months but that was insufficient to make up the $25,000 required.

In this case they would have been far better to get the gift from family to purchase the car so as to preserve their savings history.

Summary:

Everyone's situation is different and the lending policies around genuine savings are very fluid. We are starting to see some relaxation of the genuine savings policies for owner occupiers with some lenders now considering rent paid as proof of a borrowers capacity to repay a loan which in some cases is then being used as an alternative to needing to prove genuine savings. Off course the borrower still needs access to funds for their deposit but they can come from a gift or inheritance for example.

Want to get a better idea where you stand? Contact Mortgage Experts.

Our Current Lender Panel

Lex Luther Enterprises Pty Ltd (ABN 58114636949) trading as “Mortgage Experts” is an Authorised Credit Representative (444479) of Martin Warren Thomas McDonald, Australian Credit Licence (391230) under s64(1) of the National Consumer Protection Act 2009.